It is very common to find dogs sitting next to the dinner table, waiting for their masters to give them a bit of food off their plates. Dog lovers are always giving their furry friends table scraps or small treats.
If you are part of the group of dog lovers who can’t say no to the puppy dog eyes at mealtimes, it’s important to know that you may be harming your pet by feeding it certain leftovers.
A dog is part of the family, but that doesn’t mean it can share all the food you eat because many foods are bad for dogs.
A dog owner should know which human foods are harmful to a dog’s health.
The dietary needs of humans and dogs are different. In fact, foods that are healthy for humans may not be healthy for dogs.
Here are the top 10 foods you should never give your dog.
Chocolate, especially dark chocolate is one of the most well-known foods that are bad for dogs. Dark chocolate is worse than milk chocolate and white chocolate.
Chocolate is toxic because it contains a chemical called theobromine and caffeine. Dogs cannot metabolize theobromine and caffeine
Chocolate consumption in dogs changes the heart and nervous system mechanism due to the presence of theobromine and caffeine
Besides chocolate, don’t give your dog drinks that have caffeine, like tea, coffee, and hot chocolate.
If dog consumes large toxic dose of chocolate , stomach should be emptied by administering medications to induce vomiting.
activated charcoal can also be administered orally to block absorption of theobromine into the body.
Onions have bad parts that can hurt the red blood cells and cause hemolytic anaemia and Heinz bodies to form in the erythrocytes of animals like dogs and cats.
Onions contain a toxin called N-propyl disulfide which causes a breakdown of red blood cells, leading to anemia in dogs.
The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood will be reduced due to lysis of RBC.
All types of onions are bad for dogs, including dehydrated, raw or cooked onions, or leftovers from the table that have cooked onions.
3. Macadamia Nuts
Macadamia nuts can also be really bad for dogs. Sometimes, after a dog eats macadamia nuts, it can cause the body temperature to rise, a faster heartbeat, weakness, and vomiting. In the worst cases, it can even cause paralysis in dogs.
The mechanism of toxicity is not known till this day. Diagnosis is based on feeding history and occurrence of symptoms.
Severely affected dogs should be provided with supportive treatment by administering fluids, analgesics, or antipyretics.
4. Grapes and Raisins
Grapes and raisins are good for people, but they are not good for dogs. Grapes and raisins are bad for dogs because of the fungicides, herbicides, or pesticides that dirty them.
In other ways, they may be harmful because they have a lot of heavy metals , and fungus or mould in them.
|Duration after Ingestion||Clinical Symptoms|
|within 24 hrs||an early symptom of grape or raisin toxicity is vomiting,|
|next 12-24 hrs||Lack of appetite, lethargy, and possibly diarrhoea|
Signs of acute kidney failure are seen as nausea, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting, uremic breath, diarrhoea, excessive urination, and excessive thirst.
Avocado is another thing that should never be given to your dog. The compound persin, which can be found in avocados, upsets the stomach and is very bad for dogs. Persinis found in the avocado fruit, and its plant and leaves.
As indicated by veterinarians, canines are more resistant to persin than different animals like horses are more prone to, however, that doesn’t mean avocados are 100% safe for your canine.
Persin concentration is lower in avocado flesh, which on feeding doesn’t cause many adverse effects, the concentration of persin is higher in the leaves, skin and pit of the fruit. At higher concentrations, it can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, and myocardial damage.
Also, the slippery pit can easily get stuck in your dog’s intestinal tract and cause pain because of the blockage. Your dog will need surgery to fix this problem.
6. Apple Cores
The core and seeds of an apple have toxic cyanide, which can be bad for your pet. Cyanide stops blood from carrying oxygen through the body and many bodily functions will stop if they don’t get the right amount of oxygen.
The poisonous apple core will cause a few things, like apprehension, dilated pupils, drooling, breathing problems, dizziness, collapse, seizures, hyperventilation, shock, and coma.
You can give your dog an apple as a treat, but only after taking out the seeds and core. Also, don’t give a rotten apple to your dog.
Do not give any kind of alcohol to your pets, and make sure your pet doesn’t lick up any spilt beer or whiskey. Alcohol can harm your dog’s liver and brain like it does to yours. But it’s worse for dogs because their organs are smaller than human organs. The following symptoms can be seen
- High body temperature
- Excessive panting
- Muscle tremors and seizures
Also, having alcohol can cause the blood sugar level of your pet to drop. This can be really harmful, and your pet will need to get glucose very quickly to stop brain damage. Very low blood sugar can cause seizures in animals.
You should not give raw or cooked bacon regularly to your dog. Cooked bacon is a very fatty food that can cause canine pancreatitis, and may carry any infectious agents in uncooked or raw Bacon.
Fat trimmings, if they’re cooked or uncooked, can also cause this problem. Because bacon has a lot of calories, it can cause canine obesity, hypothyroidism, and cardiovascular disease.
Also, the high amount of salt found in bacon can lead to bloating. Bloating can cause a lot of gas in the stomach, which can be very harmful to your pet.
9. Wild Mushrooms
Eating wild mushrooms is dangerous for dogs, although common white mushrooms (edible mushrooms) seem safe for dogs to eat.
Few wild Mushrooms contain various toxic components which act on nervous system. These components are also used in drug preparations
If eaten, wild mushrooms can cause abdominal pain, drooling, liver damage, kidney damage, vomiting, restlessness, diarrhoea, convulsions, excessive urination, salivation, coma, or death. If not treated right away, the toxins will gather in the body.
10. Raw Eggs
Raw eggs may carry infectious agents like bacteria or protozoa in their yolk, so it’s not recommended to feed your furry friend with raw eggs.
If you consider feeding eggs for the muscle growth of your dog, provide it boiled eggs. Boiling eggs will kill the pathological agents present in the yolk.
Alternatively you can provide only egg white of boiled egg to prevent from dog obesity.