Dog Obesity Management

Dog Obesity Management Doesn’t Have To Be Hard. Read These 8 Tips

Is your dog suffering from obesity? are you trying to know reasons for dog obesity? know there symptoms and therapy for dog obesity here.

What is Obesity in Dogs?

Obesity is an accumulation of excess body fat. Extra body weight and extra body fat tend to go hand in hand. Obesity is described as a clinical condition characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat that leads to pathology or impaired function.

What-is-Obesity-in-Dogs
What-is-Obesity-in-Dogs

What are the Causes Of Obesity in Dogs?

Offering high-calorie foods, frequent treats and table scraps can also exacerbate this condition. Other common causes include Insulinoma, Hypothyroidism, Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Disease) or Neutering.

reduced ability to exercise, due to arthritis and/or other conditions.

What are the Causes Of Obesity in Dogs
What are the Causes Of Obesity in Dogs

How to know if your dog is overweight or Underweight?

we come to know by comparing with Normal Body Conditions as mentioned below

1) Severely Underweight

  • Ribs, backbone and hip bones are easily seen; with no overlying fat layer
  • Some mid muscle loss particularly noticeable around shoulders and thighs
  • Exaggerated waistline
  • Severe tummy tuck.
SEVERELY UNDERWEIGHT DOG
SEVERELY UNDERWEIGHT DOG

2) Slightly Underweight

  • Ribs can be easily felt and may be seen, with backbone and hip bones just visible and no overlying fat layer
  • Obvious waistline
  • Marked tummy tuck
Slightly Underweight
Slightly Underweight

3) Normal Weight

  • • Ribs can be easily felt and may/may not be seen with minimal layer of overlying fat
  • A clear waistline can easily be seen
  • Noticeable tummy tuck
IDEAL Weight
IDEAL Weight

4) Slightly Overweight

  • Ribs can be felt, but generally can’t be seen, with a obvious layer of overlaying fat
  • Waistline is visible, but not clear
  • Tummy tucks slightly upwards towards back legs
Dog Slightly overweight
Slightly Overweight

5) Markedly Overweight

  • Ribs are hard to feel and see under a thickened layer of overlying fat
  • Distinct pads of fat can be felt along the lower back and at the base of the tail
  • Waistline absent or difficult to see
Markedly Overweight
Markedly Overweight

Overweight Dogs Health Risks

If your dog is overweight or obese, they are at greater risk of a number of serious and life-changing conditions:

  • Significantly reduced life expectancy
  • Cardio and respiratory problems
  • Diabetes
  • Reduction in immunity and therefore at risk of infections and other illness
  • Osteoarticular diseases such as arthritis
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Urinary calcium oxalate calculi
Dog Body Siza Conditions
Dog Body Siza Conditions

Causes of Dog Obesity :

Offering high-calorie foods, frequent treats and table scraps can also exacerbate this condition. Other common causes include Insulinoma, Hypothyroidism, Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Disease) or Neutering.

reduced ability to exercise, due to arthritis and/or other conditions.

Diagnosis of Dog Obesity:

1.Obesity is diagnosed by measuring the dog’s body weight and by obtaining a body condition score (BCS), which involves assessing the amount of fat on the body.

2.Your veterinarian will do this by examining your dog and feeling their ribs, lumbar area, tail and head. The results are then measured against the BCS chart, and if applicable, compared to the breed standard.

Dog Body Condition Score
BCS Score

3.If a dog is obese, it will have an excess body weight of approximately 10-15%. In the 9-point scoring system, dogs with a body condition score greater than seven are considered to be obese.

Treatment / Prevention of Obesity in Dogs :

1.Measure Meals: Keeping a diary is one of the most important steps in any human weight-loss program. Since dogs can’t write, you’ll have to do it for him. Keep track of how much kibble you are feeding by using a measuring cup.

2.Establish a Schedule: If you free-feed, leaving food down all day, offer meals on a set schedule. Put the food down for a certain time, perhaps 15 minutes, and take up any food that the dog does not eat.

3.Limit between-meal Snacks: Dogs get a lot of calories in addition to their regular kibble. These can include anything from training treats to a biscuit slipped over the fence by a friendly neighbour. Those calories add up. Find out where the extras are coming from and manage how many extra goodies the dog is getting.

4.Choose Low-Calorie Treats: Many store-bought treats, especially biscuits, can be fattening. The same goes for chews. Some dogs will be just as happy with fruits or vegetables, like bananas, carrots, green beans, and apple slices.

Choosing Diets For OverWeight Dogs

Exercises for Overweight Dogs

  • Swimming is low-impact and can build muscles and burn calories without hurting joints.
  • Walking, also low-impact, has the added benefit of getting both of you out of the house and into the fresh air.
  • Fetch is fun, and its quick sprints will do a lot to raise fitness levels.

REFERENCES :

petmd

royalcanin

Dr M Prasad vet
Dr M Prasad

About Author

Dr M Prasad , B.V.Sc & AH

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